Sunday, August 23, 2020
Friday, August 21, 2020
Renaissance Art and Culture Essay Despite the fact that the Renaissance saw transformations in numerous scholarly exercises, just as social and political disarray, it is maybe most popular for its masterful turns of events. Leonardo father Vinci and Michelangelo were motivated by the term Renaissance man. Renaissance impact was felt in writing, theory, craftsmanship, music, governmental issues, science, religion, and different parts of scholarly examination. Renaissance researchers utilized the humanist technique in study, and scanned for authenticity and human feeling in workmanship. The civic establishments of Greece and Rome were rediscovered, moving an enthusiasm for Classical realizing which tested medieval convictions and thoughts. The populace was turning out to be wealthier which prompted an expansion in exchange and travel and the spread of new thoughts. The ascent in thriving additionally produced an enthusiasm for training, upheld the prospering of human expressions and advanced logical disclosures and new innovations. Maybe the most significant of these was the print machine, which permitted the dissemination of data to an a lot more extensive crowd than any time in recent memory, further expanding the interest for more information. Impact OF Renaissance was considerably more than a resurrection of old style workmanship. It was a dismissal of the medieval times, which were Just consummation. During medieval occasions, human expressions were concerned for the most part with religion, with the life of the soul, with the great beyond. Little significance was given to life on earth aside from as a groundwork for the following scene. In any case, as the 1 fifth century started, Italians were directing their concentration toward the world about them. Individuals began to contemplate nonstructural, or nonreligious, matters. They started setting confidence in their own characteristics and their own significance. This new soul was called humanism. Order, unquestioning confidence, submission to authoritythese medieval advantages were o longer aimlessly acknowledged. Individuals posed inquiries and needed to locate their own answers. Craftsmen were among the main influenced by the new soul of humanism. In their work they started to concentrate on human life on earth. ITALIAN RENAISSANCE ART The Italian Renaissance was one of the most gainful periods throughout the entire existence of workmanship, with huge quantities of exceptional bosses to be found in numerous focuses and in all the significant fields painting, model, and engineering. In Florence, in the main portion of the fifteenth century, there were extraordinary trailblazers in every one of these fields, whose work raked a start off new period throughout the entire existence of craftsmanship. The possibility of masterful virtuoso got mainstream; Michelangelo was called divine in view of the enormity of his imaginative forces. In the Renaissance, craftsmanship and science were firmly associated. Both the craftsman and the researcher took a stab at the authority of the physical world, and the specialty of painting benefitted by two fields of study that might be called logical: life systems, which made conceivable a progressively exact portrayal of the human body, and numerical viewpoint. Humanistic training, in light of morals and the aesthetic sciences, was pushed s an approach to make experienced residents who could effectively take an interest in the political procedure. Humanists commended the brain, magnificence, power, and gigantic capability of individuals. They accepted that individuals had the option to encounter God straightforwardly and ought to have an individual, passionate relationship to their confidence. God had made the world yet people had the option to partake in his magnificence by turning out to be makers themselves. Effect ON PAINTING The artwork in France was known as Florentine painting. The methods supported by the Florentine were gum based paint and fresco. The Tempera Painting: In gum based paint painting a dry surface was utilized. A wooden board was grounded with a few layers of mortar in stick, and the work was then replicated from a drawing. The hues were tempered with egg or vegetable egg whites. The Fresco Painting: The fresco procedure, utilized for the wall painting artistic creations in Florentine places of worship, included work of art on wet mortar. The sketch was first duplicated on the mortar divider in unpleasant framework, and the part on which the painter was going to work during a given day was then secured with new mortar. The painter needed to redraw the part that had been secured by the new mortar and include the hues. As the mortar dried, the hues came a perpetual piece of it. Craftsmen DURING RENAISSANCE The start of the incomparable Florentine school of painting came in the medieval times. Nazi Art EssayThe most prominent of the 1 fifth century Venetian painters was Giovanni Beeline Antennas companionship with Beeline affected Venetian composition. Bellinis rich, smooth shading and warm lighting draw out the human characteristics of his peaceful Madonna and holy people. He was one of the main Italians to utilize oil paint on canvas. Two of Giovanni Bellinis understudies turned into the most remarkable Venetian painters of the High Renaissance. They were Giorgio and Titian. Gorinesss brilliant and graceful pictures pulled in a huge after of specialists known as Egregiousness painters. Titian started as an Egregiousness painter yet created a long ways past this style. He accomplished such dominance in the treatment of brilliant, warm shading that he was viewed as the equivalent of Michelangelo. In his late works considers and articles liquefy along with a gleam of light and colora treatment of painting that appears to be extremely present day. Renaissance in the North Oil painting had gotten well known in Venice before the finish of the fifteenth century. The Venetians took in a lot from Flemish craftsmen. The Flemish painter Jan van is frequently given the acknowledgment for building up a significant oil method. The Flemish and German styles of the mid 1 fifth century were totally not quite the same as the early Renaissance style of the Florentine. Rather than basic geometric courses of action of three-dimensional figures, as in Mosaics works of art, the northern Europeans planned for making sensible pictures by rendering endless detailsintricate floor designs, drapery structures, and smaller than expected scenes. This mind boggling style of the north didn't create from a humanistic old style workmanship however from the Gothic custom of magic and tormented authenticity. Flemish Painting Van Cocks Madonna painted in 1436, is an amazing case of Flemish authenticity. All the subtleties of the roomthe designed floor covering, the defensive layer of Saint George, and the architecturemake this image appear to be genuine. There is no indication of the Italian feeling of magnificence here: the figures are not glorified. In the essences of the individuals can be seen the wrinkles and blemishes of reality. A standout amongst other known Flemish specialists of the second 50% of the 1 fifth century was Hugo van deer Goes. At the point when the Florentine painters saw Hogs work, they were dazzled by its exact quality. This Flemish impact can be seen in later Florentine meshes. Bit by bit the hard layouts of the Flemish style became gentler as a result of Italian impacts, and by the center of the sixteenth century the thoughts of the Renaissance had been retained into Flemish workmanship. German Painting The German craftsman Albrecht Udder went to Italy, where he was intrigued by the open country and by the workmanship he saw. While in Venice, he came to know and appreciate Giovanni Beeline. Straight shot, thus, appreciated Udders work. Udder had been prepared in the Gothic custom of German craftsmanship. He had figured out how to mirror nature precisely and meticulously. He was an ace in the utilization of delicate line in drawings, woodcuts, inscriptions, and artworks. The End of the Renaissance During the second quarter of the sixteenth century, characteristic started to grab hold in European craftsmanship. This was the principal really global European style. Renaissance craftsmanship had been normally Italian in style, yet quirk created all through Europe and consolidated numerous customs. The craft of northern painters, for example, Pitter Burgher the Elder and Udder can be viewed as a major aspect of this school. So can crafted by Michelangelo and Tinderbox and numerous other sixteenth century Italian specialists. Crafted by the French painters of Fontainebleau and that of El Greece in Spain is additionally part of the mannerist style. Idiosyncrasy was both a response against and an outgrowth of the High Renaissance. It was exemplified by strangely protracted or contorted figures and the supplanting of point of view with a compliment and less composed kind of room. Before the finish of the sixteenth century the High Renaissance in Italy had offered approach to late characteristic and the early elaborate. Be that as it may, the revelations and goals of the Renaissance stayed as a lasting legacy to all specialists who came a short time later. The most significant commitment of the Renaissance was its vision of man as lovely, respectable, and autonomous.
Posted by Hazel Nealy at 11:28 PM
Sunday, July 12, 2020
Advertisers Use Principles Of Visual Search And Attention To Increase Advertisers Use Principles Of Visual Search And Attention To Increase The Likelihood That People â" Essay Example > Principles of visual search and attentionIntroductionVisual search refers to the use of oneâs sense of perception to carefully look through the visible environment for a certain targeted feature or object among many other objects or features, for example, locating a particular model of a mobile phone on a display shelf. It involves the engagement of an individualâs sense of mental and visual perception to locate an item even without moving the eyes (Trick Enns, 1998). On the other hand selective attention refers to an individualâs ability to remain focused on a particular object even when faced with many other distracting objects while advertising is an art of attracting the attention of a targeted market in order to persuade them to purchase a certain item or service (Wesley McEntarffer, 2010). This paper will look at how advertisers use principles of visual search and attention to increase the chances that people notice their advertisement messages. Attention principles in AdvertisingAccording to Dukas (2002), attention is a cognitive process whereby one factor in the environment receives selective concentration while other factors are ignored. A good example of attention may involve carefully listening to what someone is saying in a room full of people while ignoring the conversation s of other people within the room (Dukas 2002). Advertising principles are mainly based on the psychological processes of attention, cognitive psychology and perception so as to draw consumers to the use of certain brands or products. In order to capture the interests of the viewers advertisersâ first goal is to focus on capturing the attention of consumers. Some of the ways that advertisers use to capture the attention of consumers is by showing strong visuals, bright colors and movements within the visual scenes. This approach is mainly based on the principal of attention control through orienting stimuli. For commercials, most advertisers prefer to use attracti ve models in trendy clothes in order to capture the attention of viewers. Soon as the attention of the viewer is drawn using these orienting stimuli, the advertisers then focuses on retaining the attention of the consumer (Roy, 2009). Visual imagery in advertisingThe art of advertising requires one to study the behaviour and perception of people in order to apply the proper principles that will draw the attention of the intended user on a long term. Therefore for one to win the attention of the targeted audience the message must be presented in a manner that it captures the logical and emotional meanings of the targeted recipient (Zaltaman 1995; Rossiter 1982). It must establish a deeper meaning and interest in the mind of the recipient. In order to achieve this, advertisers use the principles of visual research and attention to captivate the minds of their targeted audience and enhance the visual imagery of the targeted individuals. Visual imagery is a mental activity that enable s an individual to visualize a concept or idea. It triggers the release and processing of information in the working memory (Woodman et al 2001). With visual imagery an individual can be stimulated into responding to a certain event, object or feature without the actual object, event or feature being present at the time (Burns et al 1993). This is the real potential with visual imagery. It triggers the five physical senses that is sight, hear, taste, touch and smell. As a result advertisers use visual imagery to stimulate and attract the attention of consumers. It has the potential to bring into remembrance information that has been kept in the long term memory and present it into the working memory. In addition, images that are inbuilt or stored in the brain are more attached and relevant to an individual as they are being generated from the mental processes of the individual and are not as a result of an external factor. This means that the information is already stored in the l ong term memory of the individual and can therefore be easily brought into the working memory by stimulation, for example, rerunning an advertisement. However, excessive repetition of the advertisement may reduce the attention of the recipient by a considerable degree (Peiter Wedel 1999). Visual imagery has the capacity to generate or stimulate several senses at the same time and this provides an opportunity for the brain to process the information in more ways as more senses are involved. This improves the mental process thus providing a way in which advertisement can be effective by staying in the mind of the viewer even after the mental processing. Because images last longer in the mind of an individual it is safe to argue that such an approach to advertising will produce better results as the processing of the information is being drawn from the individualâs long term memory as compared to an approach that only triggers a limited response and engagement of the brain (Burns e t al 1993).
Posted by Hazel Nealy at 5:14 PM
Wednesday, May 20, 2020
Imperialism Ã an irony. Imperialism is a noÃ win situation: Ã¢â" Ã¢â" Ã¢â" Throughout the short text we see Orwell as a character torn between two completely juxtaposed ideals: that in support of the oppressed and the colonial. We are barely halfway through the opening sentence when Orwell declares how he was Ã¢â¬Å"hated by large numbers of peopleÃ¢â¬ and we quickly learn of the immense anger he has towards his tormentors. Initially, we learn of OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s personal experience of power and how he is Ã¢â¬Å"hated by large numbers of peopleÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â" We quickly see how much of a struggle it is for Orwell to endure the bitterness of the locals. Ã¢â"â¹ Ã¢â"â¹ Ã¢â" Orwell paints the Ã¢â¬Å"sneering yellow faces of young menÃ¢â¬ and talks of the insults Ã¢â¬Å"hootedÃ¢â¬ at hisÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This metaphor is then extended to the idea of a puppet. We see this image of the crowd pulling at OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s strings, physically moving his limbs for him and forcing him to act against his will. We see the nature of the pupett having no will or mind of itÃ¢â¬â¢s own, not ability to decide in itÃ¢â¬â¢s fate but instead purely reliant on those who control it suggesting OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s ultimate dependance upon the Burmese in his decision making process. The idea of performance suggests a nature of Ã¢â¬Å"playing upÃ¢â¬ to the locals. It suggests that the colonials are adhering to some sort of stereotype, trying to keep up appearances, to match the expectations of the people. He suggests this idea of an illusion of control, that the colonials think they have free will, power yet in fact they are lead by their own stereotype: Ã¢â" Ã¢â" Ã¢â" Ã¢â" Ã¢â" Ã¢â" Ã¢â"â¹ We again see the will of those people is a stronger force that the threat of OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s weapon. We see the gun is ultimately futile and so too is OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s power. Ã¢â¬Å"He wears a mask, and his face grows to fit itÃ¢â¬ . This metaphor really hammers home the idea of acting up to stereotype. The colonials, as colonials, feel they need to act in a particular way and thus their free will is impeded. They feel they must do what is Ã¢â¬Å"expected of themÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"A sahib has got to act like a SahibÃ¢â¬ We see Orwell performs the role that is expected of him, but in pretending, in performance, heShow MoreRelatedShooting an Elephant840 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSYMBOLISM, METAPHORS AND IRONY IN THIS ESSAY AND EXPLAIN HOW HE USES EACH OF THESE TO CONVEY HIS ARGUMENT OR MESSAGE In the extract, Shooting An Elephant Orwell conveys his message through the use of various persuasive tools. He wants the reader to identify when somebody assumes power. This technique is used to show that the powerful are also a captive to the will of people they control. Everyone involved in the situation becomes affected. In this instance, imperialism has a negative affect onRead MoreAnalysis of George Orwells Shooting an Elephant Essay example1050 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTechnique Analysis of Ã¢â¬ËShooting an elephantÃ¢â¬â¢ Written by George Orwell Essay by Arthur Diennet In 1936, George Orwell published his short story Ã¢â¬ËShooting an elephantÃ¢â¬â¢ in an English magazine. Since then, it has been republished dozens of times and holds a place as a definitive anti-colonial piece of literature, in an era where the British Empire was at its peak and covered almost 1/3 of the EarthÃ¢â¬â¢s surface. George Orwell believed that Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦imperialism was an evil thing...Ã¢â¬ and uses much themesRead MoreGeorge Orwells Style of Writing Essay example1038 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescruelty. Soon after succeeding in gaining the readers sympathy by expressing the narrators feelings as an Anglo-Indian in Burma, Orwell shifts his focus on criticizing imperialism. In his second paragraph, the narrator overtly utters his criticism towards imperialism when he says I had already made up my mind that imperialism was an evil thing... I was all for the Burmese and all against their oppressors, the British.At this point, the reader can interpret that the narrator has sympathy forRead More George Orwells Writing Essay examples899 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGeorge Orwells Writing George Orwell is best known for his fiction writing, particularly Animal Farm and 1984. In Shooting an Elephant he demonstrates his talent in non-fiction writing. Not everyone was familiar with the way in which the British Imperial rule worked and Orwell uses his rhetorical language to bring the readers of his essay into the immediate world that was that of an imperial officer. Orwell?s essay is written in the first person perspective. This was done deliberatelyRead MoreEssay about Shooting an Elephant by George Orwell1527 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesShooting an Elephant by George Orwell Few supervisors experience lack of respect and denunciation from workers because of their positions in a company. Supervisors take actions to preserve the image of authority before subordinates and from being ridiculed by their workers, even if the supervisors object these types of actions. The essay Shooting an Elephant relates to this situation. The author of this essay is George Orwell. The author talks about his work and personal experience that emphasizesRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s Shooting An Elephant 941 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã George OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ Ã¢â¬Å"Shooting an ElephantÃ¢â¬ is a story about the experience of the narrator who was asked to shoot a wild elephant. He was a police officer who worked for British imperialists and killing the elephant would help him receive good judgement from the villagers in Burma. Orwell says that imperialism is evil and should be eliminated while others think that it is good for the public. The purpose of OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s story is to show the audience that imperialism is harmful and not as good asRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s Orwell Shooting An Elephant 1189 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã¢â¬Å"OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s Shooting an ElephantÃ¢â¬ : Effect of Imperialism in Burma Imperialism is a state of mind, fueled by the arrogance of superiority that could be adopted by any nation irrespective of its geographical location in the world. 1. Evidence of the existence of empires dates back to the dawn of written history in Egypt and in Mesopotamia, where local leaders extended their realms by conquering other states and holding them, when possible, in a state of subjection and semi subjection. Imperialism was rebornRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s Shooting An Elephant 1233 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Shooting an ElephantÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Shooting an ElephantÃ¢â¬ is about the guilt of British colonialism that George Orwell faces as a sub-divisional police officer. Based on his experiences, he has seen the real wickedness of imperialism. In Ã¢â¬Å"Shooting an ElephantÃ¢â¬ , Orwell displays the evil of imperialism as harsh, belligerent, and provoking. First, Orwell encounters the harshness of imperialism. Furthermore, Orwell says, Ã¢â¬Å" the sneering yellow faces of young menÃ¢â¬ ¦ the insults hooted me when I was at a safe distanceRead More Shooting an Elephant Essay1373 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesessay, Shooting an Elephant, George Orwell illustrates his experiences as a British police officer, and reflects it to the nature of imperialism. He hates his job as a police officer in Moulmein because an Ã¢â¬Å"anti-European feeling was very bitterÃ¢â¬ due to British EmpireÃ¢â¬â¢s dictatorship in Burma. Therefore, Orwell, a white man is being treated disrespectfully by the Burmese which allows him to hate his job and British Empire, the root of everything. However, the incident of shooting of an elephant givesRead MoreCritical Analysis Of Shooting An Elephant1165 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn George OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s story Ã¢â¬ËShooting an ElephantÃ¢â¬â¢, insight is given into the life of an oppressor in the British Empire. Orwell, hav ing undergone a significant personal experience, illustrates his experience of imperialism and the resounding effects is has on the ethical conduct and ideals of man, not only of the oppressed but also in regards of the oppressor. OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËShooting an ElephantÃ¢â¬â¢ attempts to convey the sacrifice of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s morality in service of imperialism. Through the spread of the British
Posted by Hazel Nealy at 5:18 AM
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Ten years after the death of Stephen Bantu Biko (1946-77), South AfricaÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Daily DispatchÃ¢â¬ journalist, Donald Woods, wrote Biko: Cry Freedom (Bos par. 1). His book was subsequently adapted for film and produced by hollywood director: Richard Attenborough (Bos par.1). The film was released on the heels of South AfricaÃ¢â¬â¢s nation-wide declaration of a Ã¢â¬Å"state of emergencyÃ¢â¬ in 1986 (Clark and Worger xvi). Though some claim AttenboroughÃ¢â¬â¢s film is a biographical look at the life, trial, and death of Biko, this claim strikes me as problematic. Told mainly from WoodÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective, the film touches on the formation of the South African StudentsÃ¢â¬â¢ Organization (SASO) under the co-leadership of Biko. Initially, viewers learn about BikoÃ¢â¬â¢s work with the Black Community Programmes (BCP), as illustrated in the scene where Biko gives a well-received speech at the illegal gathering for the Black PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Convention (BPC) (Clark and Worger xx). It is only through Woods that the audience finds out that SASO gathered support from students fed up with the apartheid rule law-abiding National Union of South African Students (NUSAS). For his dedicated advocacy work, Biko is banned in 1973 as an attempt to silence and isolate him from his community. Frantz FanonÃ¢â¬â¢s chapter, Ã¢â¬Å"Concerning violenceÃ¢â¬ in The Wretched of the Earth (1961), speaks to the disappearance of individualism under colonial rule. Fanon indicates that the Ã¢â¬Å"colonialist bourgeoisieÃ¢â¬ thrusts the ideology upon the Ã¢â¬Å"native
Posted by Hazel Nealy at 11:03 PM
This essay focuses on the subjects of urban regeneration and sustainability in the I-JK. I shall start by exploring the true meanings of the two subjects and how they are connected with one another. The I-JK has many urban regeneration projects happening all the time and I have chosen to focus on the city of Birmingham and the Big City Plan. I am going to delve into the processes, objectives and outcomes of the project and come to my own conclusion as to whether urban regeneration in Birmingham is done in a sustainable way. Cities cover Just 2% of the worlds landmass, but more than 60% of the worlds opulation inhabit them, therefore urban regeneration is a massive global issue that needs to be fully understood and considered. What is urban regeneration? In short, urban regeneration is a combination of the processes that are undertaken in order to rejuvenate, and renew an urban place. One definition of urban regeneration is, a comprehensive and integrated vision and action which leads to the resolution of urban problems and which seeks to bring a lasting improvement in the economic, physical, social and environmental conditions of an area that has been subject to change. (Roberts 2000, p. 17) This definition of urban regeneration is one that is very widely understood. It means that when urban regeneration is done well it will bring change to many aspects of a town or city, from the economic to the environmental. In the I-JK, cities are hugely important for the economic function of the country and if the cities are not prosperous then the country will not have the best economy it can. Therefore urban regeneration is a tremendously important matter. There are many types of urban regeneration, five main ones that we focus on in the I-JK. First there is economic regeneration, which focuses on the income of the city, Job creation and employment for the residents of a given urban area and the employability of the residents themselves. Secondly there is social cultural regeneration. This type of urban regeneration is aimed at improving the quality of life for the residents of the area, bettering the quality of the housing, education and health services and also reducing the crime rate in an area. Another type of regeneration is physical environmental, which is concentrated on improving the natural and built environment of an urban area. Higher quality infrastructure and more green spaces are the aims of physical environmental urban regeneration. Fourthly there is communication regeneration and this is dedicated to improving the transport links within a town or city, which will in time have an impact on the other aspects of urban regeneration as well. The final main type of urban regeneration is governance, which is not an immediate topic when discussing urban regeneration. Governance is the way a settlement is run by the local council, the decisions they make and what impact they have on the town or city. If all of these main elements of urban regeneration are achieved, then the city will be completely revitalized. The residents will have an improved quality of life, new employment opportunities, and community participation would be available for people to enrich their lives. the UK sustainabili ty is a central topic, especially when linked witn urban regeneration. Sustainability is defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987). Sustainability considers climate hange, energy consumption, land use and transport to name Just a few, how they affect the environment and the carbon footprint they create. Although cities are a danger to the natural environment, they play a hugely important role in the economic climate of the I-JK, which is why sustainability is such a central concept. What is a sustainable city? A question that many city planners ask themse lves when it comes to sustainable urban regeneration. A sustainable city is one that fills all of the requirements of both the economic climate and the residents without damaging the nvironment. It would be an attractive place to be and green spaces for nature and recreation would be actively integrated into the city environment. A good quality transport system that positively promotes pedestrian areas and cycling which, in time would lead to low pollution and noise levels, and local food consumption would all contribute to the sustainable city goal. Another element of a sustainable city that people are inclined to overlook is an efficient waste disposal system. If the waste is disposed of correctly and efficiently then the city would have a much more esthetically pleasing feel to it and the general manner of the people living and working in the settlement would be happier. Sustainable urban design is another element of an overall sustainable city. Design that considers all of the needs of the people using the space, makes good use of the local resources available, and makes the most of the natural ventilation and lighting opportunities, would be an efficient and sustainable building with long-term livability. Has the designer used renewable energy resources? Are the living and working spaces combined? What are the noise pollution levels? These are all uestions that we should be asking ourselves as designers when it comes to sustainable urban regeneration, and we must consider whether value for money is delivered at a small cost of design and construction. Birmingham is one of the biggest cities in the UK and has one of the youngest populations in Europe with 37% of the residents less than 24 years of age. It also has a hugely ethnic diverse population, the city winning the city of culture title in 2010. All of these factors have to be considered when talking about urban regeneration in Birmingham. Over the last decade the city has reinvented itself using the theme of new urbanism, to become a city that attracts tourism and investment from all over the globe. One of the major attractions of Birmingham today, the Bullring shopping centre, was the first indoor city shopping centre to be built in the I-JK. The Big City Plan is a 20 year, master plan that aims to develop Birmingham city centre into a world class place that will attract tourism and business from all over the world. The plan contemplates all aspects of the built environment of Birmingham, trom transport to heritage and hopes to create new residential and employment opportunities encouraging the diverse culture of the city. Some specific aims of the plan are, to generate over 50000 new employment opportunities, which will hopefully contribute E2. 1 billion to the economy of the city each year. The plan has the aim of developing a city centre that is focused on pedestrianism and cycling which will have a very positive effect on the carbon footprint of the city and noise pollution levels will drop. The plan also has the objective of redeveloping and creating 65000 square metres of public space, from parks and walkways to leisure parks. This type of revitalization will enhance the lives of the residents in the city of Birmingham itself. Over 5000 new homes are to be built in Birmingham that will have leisure and recreation opportunities close by, so as to attract more people to a better quality of life. Another specific aim of the master plan is to retain Birminghams heritage and cultural assets, an authentic city, of which Birmingham has many. The Black Country Museum for example, is a place where people can gain a historical, cultural experience of Birmingham. A high-speed rail network is to be implemented, creating a connected city, which will enable more people to work in the city centre as ommuting becomes easier, enhancing the economic climate of the city. Birmingham is a very educational city, home to over 4 universities and various colleges, and a technology and engineering quarter is to be developed as a result of the regeneration. As a whole, the Big City Plan is the most aspiring urban regeneration project to ever be established in the I-JK. As a case study I am focusing in on the area of Eastside in the heart of Birmingham city centre. It is a very run down, neglected area that is not attractive and at the present day, has almost no redeeming qualities. The Eastside area will be the location of the single largest environmental regeneration project in the city. Billions of pounds have been invested into the project for this area by investors, organizations and businesses from the local surrounding area to all over the globe. When finished, the regeneration in Eastside will have created new businesses, new jobs, enhanced the cultural experience of the place, the leisure and educational services will be vastly improved, and the residential opportunities will be improved beyond belief. The area is planned to be exclusively, the technology and learning uarter, giving it a specific quality and objective. Eastside City Park which, is yet to be built, will be when finished, the first and largest city centre park in Birmingham in over 30 years. The high speed rail network that is to be established within the city centre is to have two terminals in the Eastside area, meaning that the area will be incredibly accessible for all, bringing employment opportunities and tourism which will overall boost the economic growth of not only that specific area of Eastside but the whole city itself. The Big City Plan has a detailed section about sustainability, nd how it plans to make sure that Birmingham will become a sustainable city for the future. For example, by 2026 the city hopes to have reduced its carbon footprint by 60%. The city centre particularly, has a large part to play in aiding the achievement of reaching this goal. Birmingham hopes to reduce its reliance on non-renewable energy resources and instead build up a way of generating low-carbon energy. The local government want to focus in on the conversion and re-use of existing buildings so not as to generate more carbon emissions through building more buildings and nocking down existing ones. They also want to make the existing, functioning buildings greener by installing sustainable energy generation methods such as solar panels on roofs. Allowing the public opportunities to have their own small allotments will enable people to grow their own produce, therefore reducing the need for importing goods. These goals are not unrealistic, the city is actually in relatively a good position to reach these goals and become a truly sustainable city. When the plan is finished in 2020, a sustainable, efficient city should be the outcome. The pedestrians and cyclists will have a much higher priority over other transport methods, which will vastly improve the aesthetics of the city centre, hence improving the quality of the living and working conditions for the residents. Noise pollution will also be dramatically decreased as a result of less motor vehicles in the city centre, which will create a calmer atmosphere, leading to the promotion a certain way of life in which people would take the time to use the citys new parks to relax and do recreational activities, enhancing their quality of life even further. Another result that he government hopes to achieve is that people will be able to charge their electric vehicles in the city centre at various points. This will actively promote low emission transport and reduce carbon emissions for the city. This would be a dramatic contrast to the selection of vehicles in the city today, 95% of which are all petrol or diesel engines with high emission levels. Alterations that are to be made to the road network are going to make the roads in the city centre flow much more smoothly and reduce congestion, resulting in lower noise pollution, a lower carbon footprint and a uch more aesthetically pleasing place to be. Is urban regeneration in Birmingham done in a sustainable way, and are the future plans for urban regeneration going to create a sustainable city? I have come to the conclusion that urban regeneration in Birmingham is done in a very sustainable way. The citys authorities have developed a specific plan and method by which they will develop the city centre into an exciting, green place to be. They have considered all areas of urban generation, which I have delved into, and if completed to the standard promised, will generate a hugely efficient and sustainable city for the future.
Posted by Hazel Nealy at 7:26 AM
Thursday, April 23, 2020
The MontrÃ ©al Fine Arts Museum Essay The MontrÃ ©al Fine Arts Museum (MFAM) is a non-profit organization that was founded nearly 25 years ago by the Monet brothers, who devoted their entire lives to promoting art. For the past five years, the MFAM has grown nicely due to its CuratorÃ¢â¬â¢s talent for putting on exhibitions that the public finds very interesting. As a result of the budget cuts announced by the government this year, grants for the arts were down considerably. The cut is even more significant for private organizations that, like the MFAM, have to raise 65% of their financing requirements through ticket sales in order to be eligible for a grant program. The Chairman is very happy to announce some excellent news. As of April 1st, the London Museum will lend to MFAM, free of charge and for a period of nine months, its entire dinosaur and prehistoric art collection. This is extremely good news because it will attract the public and generate some much needed cash flow. We will write a custom essay on The MontrÃ ©al Fine Arts Museum specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now It is now February 26 and the Chairman of the Board of Governors, Mr. Monet, has just asked you, CA, the newly hired Controller, for your opinion on various matters concerning the Museum. There are some concerns about the administration of the MFAM. A fraud was recently discovered involving a purchased painting that was found not to be authentic. This could have a serious impact on the MuseumÃ¢â¬â¢s reputation and could cause the London Museum to refuse to lend its collection to the MFAM. You meet with a few different people to obtain an understanding of how the museum operates (Exhibit I). In light of this fraud, Mr. Monet wants you to recommend controls that should be implemented as well as suggesting means for ensuring they are followed. These recommendations will be executed by yourself and Mr. James, a member of the Board of Governors who is also the Controller of a company in the area. The Board of Governors also wants you to raise to their attention any other significant control and operating weaknesses in the management of the Museum. Furthermore, the MFAM announced publicly that on April 1st it will be launching a new website. The site will allow users to learn more about the permanent collection and current exhibitions as well as allow the public to make donations to the museum online. The Board of Governors has received a proposal from the potential supplier, WebStirs, (Exhibit II) and would like your opinion on it. Finally, The Board of Governors is aware that the public is still reluctant to use the internet for donations and would like you to recommend measures to be taken to reassure potential donors and encourage them to use this advanced technology.
Posted by Hazel Nealy at 6:50 PM